Western Ghats

The Palni hills in the Western Ghats


Stretching like a mountainous spine down the western edge of India, the Western Ghats are a unique mountain range that harbours an incredible diversity of flora and fauna (1) (2). Although most of the Western Ghats appear more like rolling hills than craggy snow-covered peaks (2), parts of it do reach over 2,000 metres and it contains the highest mountain in India, the Anaimudi, at 2,695 metres (3).

The peaks of the Western Ghats intercept the south-western monsoon winds (1), which bring heavy rain between June and...